Types of Candle Wax

Spa background with sea salt, bowl ,flowers, water, soap bar, candles, essential oils, massage brush and flowers,top view. Flat lay. Pink background

Paraffin Wax

 

Paraffin wax is a kind of mineral wax and a kind of petroleum wax; it is a flake or needle-like crystal refined from crude oil, and its main component is straight-chain alkanes (about 80% to 95%). According to the degree of processing and refining, it can be divided into three types: fully refined paraffin, semi-refined paraffin and crude paraffin. Among them, the former two are widely used, mainly used for food and other commodities, such as fruit preservation, wax paper, and crayons. Crude paraffin is mainly used in the manufacture of fiberboard, canvas, etc. due to its high oil content.

 

Paraffin wax has a high melting point and is relatively hard, and is generally suitable for mold release wax, such as fruit and columnar wax of various shapes. Refined paraffin is food grade and is very safe to burn. The other non-refined paraffin waxes are only suitable for ornamental scented candles, and are not suitable for burning as scented candles.

Paraffin Wax

Soy Wax

 

Soy wax refers to wax produced from hydrogenated soybean oil. It is the main raw material for making craft candles, essential oils and scented candles. The advantages of soy wax are low price, the cup wax made does not fall off the cup, does not crack, the pigment is evenly dispersed, and does not flower. 30-50% longer burning time than paraffin. Non-toxic and environmentally friendly. It does not produce carcinogens when burned, and the waste is biodegradable.

 

Soft soybean wax is the most commonly used wax material for handmade scented candles, but when purchasing, be sure to ask whether it is a soft container wax or a hard soybean wax. When doing aromatherapy, soft soybean wax is generally used. It has a soft texture and is more suitable for making cup wax. It is environmentally friendly and natural, and there is no black smoke when burning. It is a very good practical wax. It is the most cost-effective in the current market, and it is also the first choice for many scented candle instructors to make candles.

大豆蜡

Beewax

 

Also known as yellow wax, beeswax. Beeswax is a fatty substance secreted by 4 pairs of wax glands in the abdomen of worker bees of appropriate age in the colony. Beeswax is divided into beeswax and white beeswax. The price is high. High-quality beeswax has honey fragrance and is natural and environmentally friendly. It is mainly used to increase the hardness and density of wax. Like general soft soybean wax, beeswax can be mixed with beeswax to prolong the burning time of the finished product.

At the same time, because beeswax has a high melting point, is relatively hard, brittle, and has a very large shrinkage when cold, so when making cup wax, it will be easy to fall off the cup and deform, and it is generally 2:1 with soybean wax or Mix in a 3:1 ratio. Increase the smoothness and smoothness of the wax surface, so that the scented candle of pure soybean wax will not be too soft.

Coconut wax

 

Coconut wax is actually a kind of oil, coconut wax is also a kind of vegetable wax, and its raw material is coconut. Candles made with coconut wax are milder, and I sometimes smear a little on my hands when the pure coconut wax scented candle is burning and melting, and it will be scented all night. Be careful to try the temperature first. Although coconut wax is generally relatively low temperature, it will turn into a liquid state at about 40 degrees. There is no problem with using it, but pay attention to safe use.

Coconut wax is harmless to the human body, and it is a milder type of scented candle. Coconut wax itself is more expensive than soybean wax, so the price will be higher, but the difference will not be too big. When making scented candles, a certain proportion of coconut wax is added, the main purpose is to prevent the aromatherapy from becoming a pit when burning, resulting in waste.

椰子

Crystal wax 

 

Crystal wax is made from oil extracted from coconut palms, and the part that comes into contact with the air will take on the formal shape of a snowflake. 100% plant extraction, smokeless combustion, degradable, natural and environmentally friendly. It will crystallize, and the higher the temperature, the more crystallization. If the novice does not control well, it is difficult to bloom without a large temperature difference. Burning will not produce harmful gas, suitable for ornamental candles.

Crystal Wax Candle

Wax is the main raw material of making scented candles, which can be divided into natural wax and artificial wax. Natural waxes are soy wax, beewax, coconut wax and ice wax. Artificial wax is made from paraffin, minerals and polymers extracted from petroleum, and jelly wax also belongs to this category. There is a small misunderstanding here. Many friends mistakenly think that artificial wax is harmful. In fact, it is not. Well-refined artificial wax is safe and non-toxic.

Wax is a complex mixture of organic compounds. Different waxes have different chemical compositions and physical properties. When choosing a certain wax or several waxes as the wax material for scented candles, it is necessary to understand the difference in properties between them, and in complementary At the same time, the three indicators of the appropriate melting point range, oxygen content and fragrance diffusion effect are controlled.

So what’s with all these different types of candle? Does the type of wax used for candle making make a difference? The answer is yes! Each with their own propeties offering different advantages and disadvantages for the finished product. Keep reading to learn more about the different types of candle wax.


Post time: Aug-31-2022